Our Cherry Orchards
Nielstrupmark is home to our oldest trees and an orchard that produces cherries for our superior wines. It is our second largest plantation, where we planted the Stevnsbær sour cherry Birgitte as early as 1993. It is blessed with generous amounts of sunshine and clean air. The winds, which make the orchard environment dry, are actually beneficial for the health of the trees. Considering the local context, the wines from this orchard are relatively light and elegant. Since the first years of production this plantation has produced the finest and most complex vintages with raspberry-like flavours.
We have, therefore, produced top single-orchard vintages from Nielstrupmark in the best of years. But Nielstrupmark remains the backbone of our wine production every single year.
Nielstrupmark: 13.4 ha . Planted in 1993. Wine produced here since 2006. 100% Birgitte (a Stevnsbær sour cherry)
Our first and largest orchard, Skelstrupmark, was planted with production in mind. Whereas the old cherry plantations were planted to produce the highest possible yield, Skælstrupmark has always been a piece of land where we put the ideas and methods from the best vineyards into action. First of all, the row spacing at Skelstrupmark is no less than 6 metres, which is more than that in our old plantations. More space means more exposure to light and air. It is also a natural means of improving tree health. Secondly, we have constructed a special harvester in order to control weeds mechanically rather than chemically. This is sure to populate the plantation with a more natural fauna in the long term and create better conditions for a healthy wild yeast. Finally, we have planted a small experimental area with the German/Hungarian sour cherry variety Ungarische Traubige, which is not a member of the Stevnsbær sour cherry family. Its flavour profile lies somewhere between the sweet and sour cherry.
All this has meant a great deal more work in the orchard – and a lower yield. But we hope these efforts will translate into a quality harvest. We’ll know for sure next year.
Skelstrupmark: 17.3 ha. Planted in 2009. Wine produced here since 2013. 63% Vicky, 37% Birgitte (both Stevnsbær varieties) and 1% Ungarische Traubige.
Jørgensmark adjoins Skelstrupmark and shares the same history. Here, too, the rows are spaced 6 metres apart and weeds are controlled mechanically. All of this ensures optimal quality, even if it means significantly lower yields and more work. However, Jørgensmark has been planted with a whole number of cherry varieties. One half is planted with Birgitte, the other with the experimental varieties Kelleris, Ungarische Traubige, Favorit and Løvskal.
Jørgensmark: 4.9 ha. Planted in 2010. Wine produced here since 2014. 53% Birgitte (a Stevnsbær sour cherry), 16% Kelleris, 16% Ungarische Traubige, 12% Favorit and 3% Løvskal.
Measuring only 2.7 hectares, the north-facing Johannesmark orchard is planted with the Stevnsbær sour cherry Birgitte. It is situated near Købelev, a village 4 km to the north-east of the Frederiksdal Estate. This means the orchard receives a little more precipitation and little less sunshine than the other plantations closer to the estate.
The sour cherry trees were planted in 2005 but it wasn’t before 2014 that we started producing wine from the fruit of this orchard. So far we only have limited experience to go on, but the first test has shown this orchard produces relatively robust wines with an aroma and flavour of soft fruit.
Johannesmark Johannesmark: 2.7 ha. Planted in 2005. Wine produced here since 2013. 100% Birgitte (a Stevnsbær sour cherry)
Skrædderbanken (The Tailor’s Hill) is a south-facing hillock a few hundred metres from the Langeland Belt (the waterway between the islands of Lolland and Langeland). Here, the soil is lighter and sandier than in our other orchards. You could call Skrædderbanken our cherry library and a biodynamic test field. The orchard is planted with all the varieties we grow at Frederiksdal – with a larger proportion of Løvskal – as well as with the heritage sour cherry varieties that we collected in Denmark and Scandinavia in collaboration with teams from The Danish Agricultural Museum and the Pometum at the University of Copenhagen. The row spacing here is as wide as 8 metres, which allows the trees exposure to plenty of sunshine and air and which reduces the risk of disease. On the minus side, this also means that the trees have no shelter from the wind and that they grow extremely slowly. In order to increase diversity, we have also planted figs and apricots.
It is said that the estate’s tailor used to live here in the old days. Be that as it may, wild plums, gooseberries, cherries, apples and blackberries grow in abundance in a little grove on the top of the hillside. The legend has is that the grove is a remnant of the tailor’s garden.
Skrædderbanken: 2 ha. Planted since 2009